Nagari 2020

HOUSING ADEQUACY

In 2020, the Nagari Short Film Competition focussed on the question:

How could one tell the story of housing adequacy in urban India”?

India has the largest number of urban poor and landless people in the world. According to the 2011 census, approximately 13.75 million households, or approximately 65 – 70 million people, reside in urban slums. Homeless people, based on the 2011 census, are an additional 1.8 million. The numbers are staggering. In some cities, such as Mumbai, those residing in slums represent around 50% of its population. Housing, and more importantly adequate housing, is in a state of crisis in India – a case reinforced by the migrant exodus that we witnessed in Indian cities in March 2020, as a result of a national lockdown imposed in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. 

Housing adequacy was recognized as part of the right to an adequate standard of living in the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights in their report on ‘The Right to Adequate Housing’ have identified 7 elements that encompass the right to adequate housing. 

  1. Legal security of tenure: Regardless of the type of tenure, all persons should possess a degree of security of tenure which guarantees legal protection against forced eviction, harassment and other threats;
  2. Affordability: Personal or household financial costs associated with housing should not threaten or compromise the attainment and satisfaction of other basic needs (for example, food, education, access to health care);
  3. Habitability: Adequate housing should provide for elements such as adequate space, protection from cold, damp, heat, rain, wind or other threats to health, structural hazards, and disease vectors;
  4. Availability of services, materials, facilities and infrastructure: Housing is not adequate if its occupants do not have safe drinking water, adequate sanitation, energy for cooking, heating and lighting, sanitation and washing facilities, means of food storage, refuse disposal, etc;
  5. Accessibility: Housing is not adequate if the specific needs of disadvantaged and marginalized groups are not taken into account (such as the poor, people facing discrimination; persons with disabilities, victims of natural disasters);
  6. Location: Adequate housing must allow access to employment options, health-care services, schools, child-care centres and other social facilities and should not be built on polluted sites nor in immediate proximity to pollution sources;
  7. Cultural adequacy: Adequate housing should respect and take into account the expression of cultural identity and ways of life.

For further information:

Fact Sheet No. 21/Rev.1, The Right to Adequate Housing, Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. 
The Human Rights to Adequate Housing and Land in India: Report to the United Nations Human Rights Council for India’s Third Universal Periodic Review 
2011 Census 

Nagari Short Film Competition | Winning Entries

BEST SHORT FILM AWARD

A City Within A City

Film by Prachee Bajania and Narendra Mangwani

Mentor Avijit Mukul Kishore

Jury Citation:

A City Within A City shows us the sociological fallout in Juhapura, a small locality in Ahmedabad, post the riots of 2002. The film covers a very urgent and powerful issue giving a strong message in the most straightforward way. The film speaks of ghettoization and segregation, something that we rarely discuss when speaking of urbanism and urban planning. The film presents a microcosmic individual problem of a particular family and how they are looking not only at the immediate problems while also dealing with their aspirations. The juxtaposition of the historical context of the place and people’s aspiration to build an independent community despite the apathy of the state, makes the audience value housing beyond the practicality of spaces. The film is poignant, empathetic and yet never looking at people who have suffered in a flattened way as victims but rather celebrating their resilience, showing how attitudes, policy, law and history are all integrated.

RUNNER UP SHORT FILM AWARD

Udta Banaras

Film by Apoorva Jaiswal and Manas Krishna

Mentor Rajula Shah

Jury Citation:

Udta Banaras alludes to the fact that cities keep changing with regimes and the people inside the city don’t really have a choice in where they go and which part of the city they can be in. It highlights the hurt and the absolute dislocation that’s caused by urban renewal projects and the impact of policies that have been put into place without taking into recognition the inhabitants in those neighbourhoods. The imaging and the imagery in the film was extraordinarily beautiful and compelling. The protagonist was very interesting and charismatic, bringing together a lot of complex ideas about home, his own identity, his own home, but also this idea of Banaras itself. It’s through his photographs that we get to see when we see that the famous Vishwanath gully has been completely taken away and made into some kind of piazza which is shocking and very cleverly done.

PEOPLE’S CHOICE AWARD

Mayavi Swapnamahal

Film by Atharva Salaskar, Vaibhav Kadam and Aditya Desai

Mentor Avijit Mukul Kishore

A Marathi rap music video about the issues faced by citizens at the hands of exploitative builders in a nexus with the government, providing them woefully inadequate housing facilities.

COMPETITION BRIEF

The competition brief is out!

This year, the Nagari Short Film Competition is looking for films that address the question, “How could one tell the story of housing adequacy in urban India”?

REGISTRATIONS CLOSED

Registration closed at 11:59PM IST on Thursday, 15 October, 2020.

For any queries, write to us at nagari@charlescorreafoundation.org